Inicio - Curriculum Nacional. MINEDUC. Chile.

Priorización 2023-2025: Aprendizajes Basales

IN1M OA 08

Demostrar conocimiento y uso del lenguaje en conversaciones, discusiones y exposiciones por medio de las siguientes funciones:

  • Expresar cantidades, contar y enumerar, por ejemplo: two/four thousand/one million; enough/no money/time.
  • Identificar y describir lugares, ocupaciones y personas (cualidades), por ejemplo: it's very busy/crowded; he is interested in.../ it is interesting; she is good at...; it's a basketball court; she's a very organized person.
  • Expresarse con claridad usando palabras y expresiones de uso común, sinónimos y palabras compuestas, por ejemplo: part-time job; apply for a job; what's it like?; why don't we...?; nice to meet you; talk about; for example; chopstick.
  • Identificar y describir objetos en detalle, por ejemplo: it's an old wooden musical instrument.
  • Señalar frecuencia, grado y tiempo de acciones, por ejemplo: he has worked here since 2010; I studied French five years ago; I go to the bank once a month; she is quite/really shy.
  • Describir hábitos pasados, por ejemplo: I used to work at the coffee shop, but now I work at a department store.
  • Describir acciones pasadas que continúan en el presente, por ejemplo: I have saved money to buy a bike; I have never seen that program; Have you ever eaten insects? I have studied for three days.
  • Solicitar y dar información sobre duración de una actividad, por ejemplo: How long have you been friends? (for) 2 years/since 2010.
  • Describir predicciones, necesidades, promesas y posibilidades, por ejemplo: He shall be here; you needn't hurry; it might snow; It will probably rain tomorrow.
  • Confirmar información, por ejemplo: It's nice, isn't it?; your brother wasn't at school, was he?; you go to the pool on Fridays, don't you?; she will come tomorrow, won't she?.
  • Entregar información esencial o adicional, por ejemplo: Simon is the boy who lives next door; the science book, which I borrowed from the library, is very interesting.
  • Unir ideas, por ejemplo: Although it's cheap I'm not sure; both Luis and Tomás are my neighbors; I'll talk to you later; ...and last he played the piano; he learned English so that he could speak with foreigners.
  • Describir procesos y acciones realizadas en las que el agente es desconocido o no es importante, por ejemplo: The money was found on the floor; rooms are cleaned daily; plastic is produced from oil.